SUC logo
SUC logo

Knowledge Update

New methods for teaching English as a second language

New methods for teaching English as a second language

  • Print Friendly, PDF & Email

The field of English language instruction for non-native speakers, commonly referred to as Teaching English as a Second Language (ESL), has experienced significant changes in recent times, mostly due to the emergence of technology and the use of novel pedagogical methods.

Conventional approaches, characterised by a focus on memorization and repeated grammar drills, are being replaced with dynamic and interactive methodologies that accommodate a wide range of learning preferences.


The integration of technology:


The incorporation of technology has emerged as a prominent transformation in the field of ESL instruction. Digital platforms, such language learning applications and online courses, provide customised learning experiences that may adjust to the unique pace and skill level of each individual learner. The utilisation of gamification is employed to transform the process of language acquisition into an enjoyable and captivating endeavour. In addition, the utilisation of online forums and virtual classrooms enables individuals to engage in real-time communication with native speakers, therefore providing them with valuable opportunities for practical language practise.


Content-Based Instruction (CBI):


CBI is an increasingly prominent pedagogical technique that has garnered significant attention and recognition. This approach facilitates the integration of English language acquisition with content-based instruction, so students acquire English proficiency by actively interacting with academic topics such as science, history, or literature. The implementation of contextual learning not only enhances the relevance and engagement of the language learning process, but also facilitates the organic acquisition of intricate vocabulary and concepts by students.


Task-Based Learning (TBL):


TBL places emphasis on the utilisation of language as a means to achieve certain objectives. Within Task-Based Language (TBL) classes, the conventional approach of introducing a language element followed by practise and production is substituted with the use of activities that necessitate students to employ English in a genuine manner. This may encompass the resolution of problems, the execution of tasks, or the enactment of role-playing scenarios. These activities possess a high level of motivation and accurately reflect the usage of language in real-world contexts.


Flipped Classrooms:


Flipped classroom is a pedagogical approach that combines online and in-person learning, wherein students are assigned to review instructional materials, often in the form of video courses, outside of the classroom, and subsequently participate in interactive activities during class time to consolidate their understanding. This technique facilitates increased engagement during classroom sessions and affords educators the chance to deliver focused assistance in areas requiring the greatest attention.


Cultural Immersion:


Cultural immersion programmes, which involve placing students in English-speaking situations, have been demonstrated to significantly enhance language competence. This approach facilitates learners' exposure to the language within authentic contexts, so fostering the acquisition of colloquial idioms and idiomatic use, which are frequently omitted in conventional instructional materials.

In summary, the contemporary approaches to ESL instruction are distinguished by a transition towards enhanced authenticity, interactivity, and individualization in the learning process. Through the use of technology and the implementation of novel pedagogical approaches, educators has enhanced capabilities to adequately equip students for practical English communication in real-life scenarios, hence rendering the learning experience more efficacious and pleasurable. These methodologies also recognise the significance of cultural context in the process of language acquisition, hence enhancing the learners' comprehension and admiration of the English language.



  • Malikovna, K.R., Shadjalilovna, S.M., Mirsharapovna, S.Z., & Kakhramonovich, A.A. (2022). Types of Interactive Methods in Teaching English to Students. Texas Journal of Multidisciplinary Studies, 14, 1-4
  • Setiyadi, Ag. Bambang (2020) Teaching English As A Foreign Language (2nd Edition). In: Teaching English As A Foreign Language (2nd Edition). Graha Ilmu, Yogyakarta, pp. 1-163. ISBN 978-623-228-389-3
  • Gilakjani, A. P. (2017). A review of the literature on the integration of technology into the learning and teaching of English language skills. Int. J. Engl. Linguistics 7, 95–106. doi: 10.5539/ijel.v7n5p95
  • Lee, G., & Wallace, A. (2018). Flipped learning in the English as a foreign language classroom: Outcomes and perceptions. TESOL Quarterly, 52, 62–84.