Prof. J. Shanmugan From Different Corners
Future of Higher Education in the Digital World
Higher education system is playing vital role in knowledge economy and its growth is significant factor for each and every country’s development and also for the sustainable progress of the society.
Traditional approaches of teaching and learning started fading away due to the robust growth of technology which is transformed the way it was deployed earlier. Though the system, value and crux of the education remain same, the way of organizing academic activities, content delivery, execution of academic process and context is completely different in recent days. It is imminent when world grows in fast pace in all aspects of technology, higher education is no exception to this. Nowadays, especially the technology transformation has had a profound impact on higher education in the way of teaching and learning environment. Soon after the Covid 19, almost each and every industry in the entire world realized the importance of alternate mechanism for its existence. Educational institutions swiftly reacted to the situations and revamped their academic infrastructure. Notably, online learning, blended learning, MOOC (Massive Open Online Course) etc. taken a bigger way into the educational system. MOOC’s are one of the panacea for higher education developments (Galán, J. G., Padilla, A. H. M., & Bravo, C. B. ,2022)
Technology is enabling virtual classrooms, LMS platforms, open educational resources, VR & AR and educational APPS etc., taking lead and to give major scope for personalized learning platforms. Furthermore, technology facilitated collaboration among students and instructors with the tools like Google workspace, perusall and MS teams etc. to increase the student engagement and enhance the academic productivity. It also made it easier for faculties to deploy research-based learning for the students with the vast majorities of open access journals and research platforms. Universities across globe started using data analytics to serve better to the students in the way through data driven decision on course offerings, improve student outcomes and resource allocation etc. Currently, AI and ChatGPT is the talk of the town, though it has more benefits, equally have challenges too. Students, faculty members, administrators, and decision-makers all benefit from AI tools and methodologies (Salas-Pilco, S. Z., & Yang, Y., 2022). Hence the academic community is in big dilemma and debating over the issue to recognize this new technology. On the other hand, few universities started deploying and scaling their information technology resources, irrespective of their current academic environment. Customized approach is preferable in terms of upgrading to hi-tech infrastructure in the academic institutions by considering the topography and digital divide of the respective community.
In nutshell, in this competitive world, academic community must embrace the technology revolution and start implementing the technology enabled platforms with their individual capacity for teaching and learning. Academic institution started nibbling approach to create smart infrastructure to match with industry expectations. Faculty members must ensure proper training in the digital aspects of academic delivery, assessments, simulations, projects, grading and proctoring etc., become dominant factors in the academia. Apart from conceiving the idea and nuances, obtaining necessary professional certifications related to the delivery of modern technology in academics and updating the advanced tools & techniques become mandatory for faculty members, before endorsing and execution in front of student community for sustaining future in the field of higher education. Technology infrastructure and resourcefulness in the academic institution become one of the key unique selling points for the courses offered in the university.
- Galán, J. G., Padilla, A. H. M., & Bravo, C. B. (2022). MOOC courses and the future of higher education: A new pedagogical framework. River Publishers.
- Salas-Pilco, S. Z., & Yang, Y. (2022). Artificial intelligence applications in Latin American higher education: a systematic review. International Journal of Educational Technology in Higher Education, 19(1), 1-20.